Added: Telina Bowling - Date: 22.10.2021 17:08 - Views: 41381 - Clicks: 7254
Sex education for teenagers requires open communication between parents and adolescents to promote positive relationships and safe sex. Sex education for teenagers remain a difficult issue to handle. Parents actually play an important role when it comes to educating their teenagers about sexual and reproductive health. Studies have shown that open communication between parents and adolescents can lead to delay in sexual intercourse and promote positive relationships and safe sex. Often, where parent-child communication occurs, it is limited to encouraging abstinence.
To do this, we carried out a study in Korogocho, an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. We found that most parents did not talk to their adolescents about sex and romantic relationships. Those who did were more likely to talk to their daughters, because they believed that they were more vulnerable to risks, such as unplanned pregnancies. They also tended to use fear and intimidation. As a result, adolescents were unwilling to talk to their parents about their relationships. Findings from our study provide insights into the need for sex education programmes for parents.
This would equip them with the knowledge they need to support their children with accurate, Let s have sex teen and age-appropriate information. For instance, in about one in every five adolescent girls had been, or was, pregnant. Adolescents are also very vulnerable to HIV. One in three new HIV infections occurs among this group. Also read: Why Sex Education Matters. Poor sexual and reproductive health can result in physical and socio-economic problems. For example, many girls who get pregnant drop out of school, which may have long-term implications for their ability to get well-paid jobs.
This is all a consequence of limited access to adolescent-friendly services, taboos around openly discussing sexual matters and often conflicting, inaccurate or ambiguous messaging. This restricts the ability of adolescents to make informed decisions about their health and well-being. Equipping parents with the right information on what to talk about, and how to talk about it, is a key step in addressing this major health challenge.
Korogocho is one of the most congested informal settlements in Nairobi. It has high crime rates, insecurity, unemployment, overcrowding, and limited access to health services. This includes earlier sexual debut, higher rates of teenage pregnancies and unplanned pregnancies, and higher HIV prevalence. We found that most parents thought 18 years was the most appropriate age to talk about issues around sex. They considered anything younger than this as too young for romantic relationships and discussions about sex.
When conversations did happen, the timing was reactionary, often triggered by a prior event in the neighbourhood, such as a young girl being pregnant. This suggests that the conversations may be a one-time occurrence that is unlikely to encourage open and regular discussions about sex and other related topics. The content of the conversations was also limited. Rarely were topics such as condom use, contraceptives, pregnancy prevention except abstinenceand the prevention of sexually transmitted infections discussed.
Instead parents often simply discouraged adolescents from having sex, noting the negative consequences of being sexually active. The communication also tended to be one-sided, authoritarian, fear-based and parent-initiated. Parents packaged information about sex from a risk perspective. This communication approach discouraged adolescents from disclosing their relationship status for fear of physical, verbal and emotional abuse.
This would include physical beating, getting chased away from home and having their education discontinued. Finally, we found that there were gender differences in communication: more girls than boys talked to their parents about romantic relationships.
Similarly, more parents had conversations about sexual relationships with their daughters because they felt the girls were more vulnerable to sexual risks. Leaving boys out is a serious issue — it limits their access to information and may heighten their likelihood of engaging in risky sexual behaviors, catching sexually transmitted infections, early fatherhood, and sexual violence. There are sex health programs—such as Familias Fuertas in South America, and Families Matter in Kenya—that have shown that providing parents with the skills and information they need makes them more comfortable and confident when it comes to addressing issues of sex with their children.
Finally, conversations about sex need to begin early — from about five years — and should be age-appropriate and based on factual information. This timing gives young people the necessary tools and skills to make informed decisions.
Effective communication can complement age-appropriate school-based sexuality education and enable young people to make decisions that promote their health and well-being. This article was first published on The Conversationa global media resource that provides cutting edge ideas and people who know what they are talking about. Hey there! Thank you for ing up for our newsletter. October 23, Related Articles English.
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